Hale I DD- 133 - History

Hale I DD- 133 - History

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Hale I

Eugene Hale was born at Turner, Maine, 6 June 1836 He was admitted to the bar in 1857 and served for 9 years as prosecuting attorney for Hancock County. He was elected to the Maine legislature 1867-68, to the House of Representatives 1869 79, and succeeded Hannibal Hamlin in the Senate, serving from 1881 to 1911. Although he declined the post of Secretary of the Navy in the Hayes administration, Senator Hale performed constructive work of the greatest importance in the area of naval appropriations, especially during the early fights for the "new Navy." "I hope", he said in 1884, "that I shall not live many years before I shall see the American Navy what it ought to be, the pet of the American people." Much later in his career he opposed the building of large numbers of capital ships which he regarded as less effective in proportion to cost and subject to rapid obsolescence. Senator Hale retired from politics in 1911 and spent the remainder of his life in Ellsworth, Maine, and in Washington, D.C. where he died 27 October 1918.

(DD-133: dp. 1,090(n.); 1. 314'5"; b. 31'8", dr. 8'8"; s.
35 k.; cpl. 113; a. 4 4", 2 3-pdrs., 12 21" tt.; cl. Wickes )

The first Hale (DD-133) was launched by the Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, 29 May 1919, sponsored by Miss Mary Hale, granddaughter of Senator Hale; and commissioned at Boston 12 June 1919, Comdr. Allan S. Farquhar in command.

Hale joined Destroyer Squadron 3, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and after training exercises departed 11 July 1919 for Europe. On this cruise, the ship paid goodwill visits to European and Mediterranean ports, assisted in the execution of the Austrian Armistice in October, and joined the American detachment in Turkish waters. Hale then carried refugees, relief officials, and freight between the ports of Greece, Bulgaria, and Russia, showing the flag in the vital Mediterranean and Balkan area. She returned to Philadelphia 31 March 1920 and resumed her schedule Of training and development exercises along the Eastern Coast. Hale decommissioned at Philadelphia 22 June 1922 and remained in reserve until 1 May 1930, when she recommissioned.

Departing Philadelphia 15 May, Hale took part in refresher training operations and then resumed readiness exercises on the East Coast. She participated in Scouting Fleet maneuvers in early 1931 in the Caribbean, and arrived San Diego via the Panama Canal 4 April 1931. For the next few years Hale participated in maneuvers with the Battle Force along the California coast and spent much time perfecting the techniques of modern carrier tactics with carriers Saratoga and Lexington. The destroyer decommissioned once more at San Diego 9 April 1937.

Hale recommissioned at San Diego 30 September 1939, at a time of mounting crisis in both oceans, and departed 25 November for neutrality patrol in the Caribbean. Her base was changed to Galveston 22 February 1940, and later to Key West, but the ship continued to patrol the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. At Philadelphia 1 September 1940 she prepared for transfer to Great Britain as a part of the famous destroyers for bases agreement. She arrived Halifax 6 September 1940 and decommissioned 3 days later, Entering the Royal Navy, she became HMS Caldwell.

During her career in the British Navy, Caldwell was assigned to escort duty in the Atlantic and later in the Caribbean, as Britain tried desperately to cope with the German U-boat menace. She joined the Royal Canadian Navy in mid-1942, and while returning to St. John's, Newfoundland, 18 December 1942, was seriously damaged during a heavy gale. She became disabled, and was found drifting helplessly by Wanderer 21 December. Caldwell was then towed to St. John's and later to Boston. Ready for sea again in May 1943, the ship resumed convoy duty with the Royal Canadian Navy until 1 December, when she returned to Tyne and was placed in reserve. Caldwell was broken up for scrap in September 1944.

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Noklak is the newest District of Nagaland located in the easternmost part of the Country bordering Myanmar. Carved out from parent District Tuensang, the District covers a geographical area of approximately 1152 Sq Km. The District Hq Noklak is nestled at the altitude of 1524 meters above sea level. The District enjoys a sub-tropical climate and hilly region with broad leaved forests. The District shares boundary with Tuensang in the West, Kiphire District in the South, Mon District in the North, whereas the whole eastern boundary of the district stretching nearly 92 KM from the Boundary Pillar Numbers ranging from BP 139 to BP 146 form the Indo-Myanmar Border the a stretch of through forest and hills. The District exclusively falls within the Free Regime Movement belt.
The District has two Assembly Constituencies namely 56 AC Noklak and 57 AC Thonoknyu. There are three Rural Development Blocks which are Noklak Block, Panso Block and Thonoknyu Block. There are 44 inhabitations including Noklak Town and 3 other Administrative Hqs.

Hale I DD- 133 - History

Drummond ranching in Osage County, Oklahoma, traces its roots to Frederick Drummond (1864–1913) who came to the former Osage Nation, Indian Territory, at age twenty-two in 1886. Drummond had emigrated from Scotland in 1882 and, after spending a year in New York, headed to Texas to try his hand at ranching. Having little success, he went to St. Louis and found work with a wholesale dry-goods house. One of their customers, John R. Skinner, owner of the Osage Mercantile Company in Pawhuska, hired Drummond as a clerk. Shortly after arriving in the Osage Nation, Drummond met Addie Gentner of Coffeyville, Kansas, and they married in 1890.

The Drummonds were a popular couple in Pawhuska, and he was one of the best-known traders. In 1903 they moved to Hominy, and he helped organize the Hominy Trading Company. At one time Hominy Trading Company was the nation's largest dealer of Pendleton blankets, a product favored by the Osage. The Drummonds' Hominy home was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1981 (NR 81000466). All of their sons, Roy Cecil, Frederick Gentner, and Alfred Alexander "Jack," attended college and each helped write ranching history in Osage County. Roy (1892–1981) began ranching in 1913, and Jack (1896–1989) established ranches in Osage and Marshall counties. By the 1980s the brothers and their descendants managed more than two hundred thousand acres in Oklahoma and southern Kansas.

Frederick Gentner Drummond (1895–1958) graduated from Oklahoma A&M College (now Oklahoma State University) in 1914 and attended Harvard Business School. He returned to assist running Hominy Trading Company after his father's death. In 1927 he married Grace Ford, and they became parents of three daughters and a son. During the Great Depression he established two Hereford cattle ranches in Osage County. Located south of Hominy and west of Pawhuska, the ranches totaled twenty-five thousand acres at the time of his death in 1958.

Operation of these ranches fell to his son, Frederick Ford Drummond (1931–2020), who had earned degrees from Oklahoma State and Stanford universities. After graduating from Stanford, he joined United Missouri Bank of Kansas City as an inspector and counter of cattle used as loan security. He determined that the best way to do his job was to go where the cattle barons congregated. They could be found conducting business on the second floor of the Gunter Hotel in San Antonio, Texas, or in the lobbies of the Duncan Hotel in Pawhuska or the Broadview in Emporia, Kansas. Until the demise of the railroads the cattle market in Oklahoma and surrounding states was made at these hotels. Frederick Drummond's education and banking experience equipped him well to operate the family ranch. A member of the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association since the age of seven, in 2002 he was training his son, Ford, to be a fourth generation Drummond rancher.


John R. Drummond, The Drummond Family History: A Story of Fred and Addie, Their Ancestors and Children ([San Angelo, Tex].: Newsfoto Publishing, 1981).

John Roy Drummond, "Frederick (Fred) Drummond," in Osage County Profiles (Pawhuska, Okla.: Osage County Historical Society, 1978).

Terry Hammons, Ranching From the Front Seat of a Buick: The Life of Oklahoma's A. A. "Jack" Drummond ([Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Historical Society, 1982]).

Joseph B. Thoburn, A Standard History of Oklahoma, Vol. 5 (Chicago: American Historical Society, 1916).

Les Warehime, History of Ranching the Osage (Tulsa, Okla.: W. W. Publishing, 2000).

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The following (as per The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition) is the preferred citation for articles:
Les Warehime, &ldquoDrummond Ranch,&rdquo The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture,

© Oklahoma Historical Society.

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Originated From: United States
Possessed By: United States, United Kingdom
Alternate Name: Trident 2
Class: Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM)
Basing: Submarine launched
Length: 13.42 m
Diameter: 2.11 m
Launch Weight: 59,090 kg
Payload: up to 8 MIRV Mk 4 or Mk 5 warheads, 2,800 kg
Warhead: W76 100 kT or W88 475 kT
Propulsion: Three-stage solid propellant
Range: Minimum 2,000 km, Maximum 12,000 km
Status: Operational
In Service: 1990

The Trident D-5 has a maximum range of 12,000 km, similar to that of ground, silo-based systems, and can have a payload as large as 2,800 kg. Its payload carries a Post-Boost Vehicle (PBV) which can carry up to 12 Reentry Vehicles (RVs), though New START limits the number to eight. These RVs can be either the Mk 4 with a W76 100 kT yield warhead or the Mk 5, which has a W88 475 kT yield warhead. It is the first U.S. submarine-based missile to have a capability against hardened targets. The system uses an inertial navigation system combined with a stellar reference system that provides an accuracy of 90 m CEP. The missile has a length of 13.42 m, a width of 2.11 m, and a launch weight of 59,090 kg. 1

The UGM-133 Trident D-5 entered service in the U.S. Navy in 1990. The first test launch took place in January 1987 and the first sea trial, which was unsuccessful, occurred in March 1989. The Navy purchased 437 Trident II (D-5) missiles through FY2008, and planned to purchase an additional 24 missiles per year through FY2012, for a total force of 533 missiles. Under the requirements of New START, the United States expects to maintain 280 total missiles, with 240 deployed, and 1,090 warheads. 2

In 1999, the United States extended the life span of the Trident missiles and Ohio-class submarines by 42 years. 3 According to the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review, the United States will maintain 14 Ohio-class submarines, with two in repair at any time. Each of these SSBNs will carry 20 missiles for a total fleet of 240 deployed Tridents. As of 2016, nine Trident-armed submarines are deployed in the Pacific and five in the Atlantic. 4

The Trident D-5 has undergone extensive improvement programs. More accurate GPS systems have been tested on Trident missiles since 1993 and an earth penetrator version was considered in 1994 to attack underground facilities. Improved air-burst fuses were considered for the Mk 4 RV in 1998. New third-stage propellant motors were developed and tested and will likely be included in future versions. An extensive upgrade for 300 missiles is planned in 2020 in order to upgrade them to the Trident D-5A or D-5LE versions with improved capabilities and an extended service life to 2042. 5

The U.S. Navy initially planned to keep Trident submarines in service for 30 years, but has had to extend their service life to 42 years until 2027. The Navy expects to spend $4.8 billion on Trident II modifications between FY2018 and 2021. Furthermore, the United States is designing a new submarine to replace the current Ohio-class fleet beginning in 2031. A total of 300 Trident D-5 missiles are expected to be converted to the life-extension D-5A or D-5LE by upgrading all of the subsystems, which will allow the missiles to remain in service until 2042. 6

The Trident D-5 also entered service in the UK on four Vanguard-class missile submarines in 1994. Each submarine can carry 16 missiles and are equipped with UK warheads believed to be similar to the W76 100 kT US warheads. An unknown number of the missiles are also planned for deployment for non-strategic roles with 10 kT warheads. A 1999 UK statement limited the number of warheads to be deployed on each submarine to 48, an average of 3 warheads per missile. 7 In July 2016, Parliament voted to approve new SSBNs to preserve the UK nuclear deterrent, ensuring that Trident will be deployed into 2050s. 8

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2015 American Thyroid Association Management Guidelines for Adult Patients with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: The American Thyroid Association Guidelines Task Force on Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

Background: Thyroid nodules are a common clinical problem, and differentiated thyroid cancer is becoming increasingly prevalent. Since the American Thyroid Association's (ATA's) guidelines for the management of these disorders were revised in 2009, significant scientific advances have occurred in the field. The aim of these guidelines is to inform clinicians, patients, researchers, and health policy makers on published evidence relating to the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer.

Methods: The specific clinical questions addressed in these guidelines were based on prior versions of the guidelines, stakeholder input, and input of task force members. Task force panel members were educated on knowledge synthesis methods, including electronic database searching, review and selection of relevant citations, and critical appraisal of selected studies. Published English language articles on adults were eligible for inclusion. The American College of Physicians Guideline Grading System was used for critical appraisal of evidence and grading strength of recommendations for therapeutic interventions. We developed a similarly formatted system to appraise the quality of such studies and resultant recommendations. The guideline panel had complete editorial independence from the ATA. Competing interests of guideline task force members were regularly updated, managed, and communicated to the ATA and task force members.

Results: The revised guidelines for the management of thyroid nodules include recommendations regarding initial evaluation, clinical and ultrasound criteria for fine-needle aspiration biopsy, interpretation of fine-needle aspiration biopsy results, use of molecular markers, and management of benign thyroid nodules. Recommendations regarding the initial management of thyroid cancer include those relating to screening for thyroid cancer, staging and risk assessment, surgical management, radioiodine remnant ablation and therapy, and thyrotropin suppression therapy using levothyroxine. Recommendations related to long-term management of differentiated thyroid cancer include those related to surveillance for recurrent disease using imaging and serum thyroglobulin, thyroid hormone therapy, management of recurrent and metastatic disease, consideration for clinical trials and targeted therapy, as well as directions for future research.

Conclusions: We have developed evidence-based recommendations to inform clinical decision-making in the management of thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. They represent, in our opinion, contemporary optimal care for patients with these disorders.

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