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1. The Palace of Monaco
The Palace of Monaco began as a medieval fortress, undergoing centuries of conflict and attack before becoming a royal palace.
Today, visitors to the Palace of Monaco can tour the site, including the state apartments and several museums. Particular highlights include its incredible frescos, the royal courtyard and the Mirror Gallery. Much of the Palace of Monaco has echoes of Versailles, making it an especially beautiful palace. There is also a museum of antique cars and a museum of Napoleonic souvenirs.
The first Monaco Historic Grand Prix was held in 1997 as part of the year-long celebrations marking the 700th anniversary of the Grimaldi family's presidency over Monaco. It had only been intended as a one-off event but became a huge success, leading to its continuation as a biennial event from 2000. With the beginning of the Monaco ePrix Formula E race, the Historic Grand Prix runs in even-numbered years and the ePrix runs in odd-numbered years. An exception occurred in 2020, where the 12th event was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, instead taking place on April 25, 2021, two weeks before the Monaco ePrix and four weeks before the Formula One Grand Prix.
The 2010 running of the event was the seventh in the series. It featured eight races total, in various historic motorcar categories:
- Race A - Pre-1947 Voiturettes and Grand Prix cars
- Race B - Front-engined Grand Prix cars (1947–1960)
- Race C - Pre-1953 sports cars
- Race D - Formula 3, 1,000 cc (1964–1970)
- Race E - Rear-engined Grand Prix cars (1954–1965)
- Race F - Formula 1 (1966–1974)
- Race G - Formula 1 (1975–1978)
- Race H - Formula 3, 1,600 cc and 2,000 cc (1971–1984)
By the 9th running of the event in 2014, the number of races had been reduced to 7, and there had been some tweaking of the categories, better to distribute the competition: 
- A: Pre-war "Voiturettes" and Grand Prix Cars (up to 1939)
- B: F1 and F2 Grand Prix Cars (pre-1961)
- C: Sports cars (1952–1955)
- D: F1 Grand Prix Cars (1961–1965)
- E: F1 Grand Prix Cars (1966–1972)
- F: F1 Grand Prix Cars (1973–1978)
- G: Formula 3 Cars, 2,000cc (1974–1978)
For the 11th running of the event in 2018 the number of races remained, the division into categories based on the year of manufacturing has been adjusted again.  The following classes remained static for the 12th running of the event in 2021.
Wedding of Interest
1956-04-18 US film actress Grace Kelly marries Prince Rainier III of Monaco in a civil ceremony in Monaco
- American actress Grace Kelly marries Monaco's Prince Rainier III (in Church) "Mad About You" actress Leila Kenzel (33) weds Neil Monaco (34) Princess Stephanie of Monaco (30) weds her bodyguard Daniel Ducruet (31) in a civil ceremony in Monaco Auto racing champ-turned-TV commentator Danny Sullivan (46) weds former Manhattan financial planner Brenda Bosveld (33) in Monte Carlo, Monaco Princess of Monaco Caroline (42) weds dynastic head of the House of Hanover and Britain's King George I descendant Prince Ernst August (45) in Monaco Charlene Princess of Monaco (33) weds Prince Albert II of Monaco (53) at the Church of St Devote of Monaco TV personality Beatrice Borromeo (30) weds Pierre Casiraghi (28) in the gardens of the Prince's Palace of Monaco in Monte Carlo
Local churches cancelled any singing of the first 36 Psalms
Another curious fact also involves the famous casino. Soon after the gambling business in Monaco gained success, the local churches cancelled any singing of the first 36 Psalms. Why? Many gamblers playing roulette took it as a sign from above and used to place bets on the number of a Psalm they heard in church that day.
History of Monaco
The Rock of Monaco was a shelter for primitive populations. Traces of their occupation were discovered in a cave in the Saint-Martin Gardens. The first sedentary inhabitants of the region, the Ligures, are described as a mountain people, accustomed to hard work and an exemplary frugality. The coast and the port of Monaco were probably the sea access for the interior Ligurian population, the Oratelli of Peille.
The origin of the name "Monaco" has been subject to several hypotheses. For some, the name comes from the Ligurian tribe, the Monoïkos, who inhabited the Rock in the 6th century B.C. For others, the origin comes from the Greek. In antiquity, the port of Monaco was associated with the cult of the hero Herakles (Hercules for the Romans), and his name was often linked to the expression "Herakles Monoïkos," which means Herakles alone. This version seems to bear out, as the modern name for Monaco's main port is the Port of Hercules.
At the end of the 12th century B.C., the Romans occupied the region. Monaco is part of the Province of the Maritime Alps. During their occupation, the Romans erected at La Turbie, the Trophy of Augustus, which celebrates the triumph of their military campaigns. During this same period, Phoenecian and Carthaginian sailors brought prosperity to the region. After the fall of the Roman Empire (5th century A.D.), the region was regularly sacked by different barbarian populations. It was only at the end of the X century, after the expulsion of the Sarrasins by the Count of Provence, that the coast slowly became repopulated.
Reign of Louis I, nephew of Louis XIV. He is chosen as French Ambassador to the Holy See.
Antoine I accedes to the throne. He undertakes important construction projects on the fortifications to protect Monaco from any risk of invasion by the Duke of Savoy who occupies Provence. The access ramp and the tour of "oreillon" are constructed during his reign.
Louise Hippolyte have reign 10 month and is husband take the Regency (Jacques de Goyon, Sire of Matignon). Husband of Princess Louise-Hippolyte, he must give up his name and his arms to accede to the throne under the name of Jacques I.
Former F1 driver Arturo Merzario was entered for Race A in an Alfa Romeo 8C 35, but could not take part in any of the sessions due to mechanical issues. 
Race D featured a Ferrari 1512, the car which carried Ferrari's first flat-12 engine. This car had recently been restored with the help of the original designer Mauro Forghieri  it was an early retirement due to mechanical teething problems, but was highly competitive in future events, finishing runner-up in 2016 and 2018.
Roger Wills set the fastest time in practice for Race E, but collided with another car and could not take the start of the race. Andrew Smith inherited pole position. The session was red-flagged and Duncan Dayton had no opportunity to set a representative lap time. He started the race from 22nd place but put on a storming drive, running 8th after the first lap and going on to win. 
Race G saw such a large number of entries that the grid was decided by two qualifying races, with even-numbered cars forming the outside line and odd-numbered cars forming the inside line. Pole for the odd-numbered race was taken by Matteo Marzotto [it] (nephew of 1952 Monaco Grand Prix winner Vittorio) in his first ever motor race, but Paolo Barilla passed him to claim the front-row spot. Pole for the feature was awarded to even-numbered race winner Ben Barker. The race was red-flagged due to rain after 10 laps.
The rain also caused Race F, the final session of the day, to be shortened.  Oliver Hancock ran strongly in his first race in a F1 car, only to crash on the last lap. He was still classified seventh, the first car a lap down. 
Social Welfare and Change Programs
The government efficiently manages several social welfare and change programs. Some current programs include creating more affordable housing for workers by reclaiming land from the sea for new construction and promotion of Monegasque culture, brought about by a revived interest in the principality's history. Consequently, Monegasque language classes have now been instituted in all elementary schools. The Monegasque government also ensures generous pensions, maternity leave, vacation time, and welfare programs for all citizens.
1st Meeting of “Grimaldi Historical Sites”: A fun way of learning about Monaco history
Last weekend was quite surprising not only for the guests of the event, but also for the residents of the Principality. On June 23 – 24, Monaco’s Palace Square was transformed into an exciting miniature village. Every detail in the surrounding scenery had historical significance as if you were travelling back in time.
Just imagine small wooden chalets, haystacks, people dressed in colourful traditional costumes and fun games that have long been forgotten. There were even some sheep. All this, against an elegant background of the age-old Princely palace. The combination was delightful, to be sure.
The first meeting of “Grimaldi Historical Sites” (Rencontre des Sites Historiques Grimaldi de Monaco) was indeed a revelation to us all. This was the first event featuring French and Italian cities that are part of the historical heritage of the ruling Grimaldi family. Interestingly, it was held in honour of Crown Prince Jacques who bears the title of Marquis de Baux and Princess Gabriella, Countess of Carlades. The county of Carlades, the Margrave of Baux and Menton were thus part of this celebration. The Prince of Monaco Albert II together with his wife Princess Charlene and their children, obviously had a special role and wanted to participate in such an exciting event!
A small chalet representing the city of Menton displayed its finest products made from locally grown lemons. What did the Grimaldis have so special in common with Menton in the past that continues to this day? Monaco’s close neighbour boasts some incredible landscapes so it was natural that the Palace of Carnoles in Menton used to be the Grimaldi’s summer residence. That is the answer. Menton also thrilled the guests with its folklore including singing and dancing performed by the colourfully dressed local bands.
The village guests were also fascinated by an original game going back to antiquity. It consisted of knocking down as many large tins as possible by throwing sand bags at them. That got young and old equally entertained. This old game of “Chamboule tout” means “Turn everything upside down”. In addition to games, the guests got to taste some genuine “Comte” farm cheese well loved by the French.
Traditional Monegasque attire is hard to describe if you have not studied the history of the Principality in detail. It is very impressive in its brightness. Lush skirts, white shirts and embroidered aprons, topped by original bonnets and headdress – these were all an intriguing and attractive sight. You just couldn’t take your eyes off this finery and the colourful accompanying performance by the Monegasque troupe.
The medieval village also hosted an enclosure where a family of sheep were resting peacefully. Some of the sheep were particularly friendly, poking their heads out of the enclosure to greet their guests. The little kids were absolutely ecstatic!
The event also had a high-tech dimension to it. A podium was installed guiding you through a 360-degree virtual visit to Carlat Castle, once located on the Aveyron slopes – all done with a help of special high tech “glasses” (a type of special mask). This fortress was razed to the ground in the early 17th century and has been largely reconstructed today in the Aveyron, with the consent of Prince Albert II. This used to be another part of the Grimaldi estates. HelloMonaco got to test these new technologies which turn your history studies into a true adventure.
The virtual glasses – which are a type of mask that you put on to visualize the 360 degree imagery – plunged us into a totally different world. Gone was the Princely palace with its usual scenery, replaced by endless fields, hills and the castle’s inner courtyard. Scanning around, using the special controls with the mask, transported you from one part of the fortress to the other. The most fascinating and frightening moment was arriving at the highest point of the fortress wall – that was definitely the most dizzying experience of the day.
Each city was special in its own way, and all the participants from each of the cities had a cultural heritage to be especially proud of.
The highlight on Saturday evening was a light show – zoomed onto the façade of the Princely Palace by dozens of projectors. The Grimaldi’s history was thus portrayed in the most innovative and revealing way.
This first meeting of “Grimaldi Historical Sites” was certainly a great success! We shall see what surprises the Principality of Monaco has in store for the next one!
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Monte-Carlo, resort, one of the four quartiers (sections) of Monaco. It is situated on an escarpment at the base of the Maritime Alps along the French Riviera, on the Mediterranean, just northeast of Nice, France. In 1856 Prince Charles III of Monaco granted a charter allowing a joint stock company to build a casino. The casino opened in 1861, and five years later the district around it was declared by the prince to be Monte-Carlo. To revitalize the principality’s economy, Monte-Carlo was transformed into a luxuriously beautiful playground for the world’s rich. The casino includes an opera house (1878). The International Sporting Club (1932) is nearby. The gambling tables are open only to visitors to Monaco. The casino operating company, which was taken over by the government in 1967, contributes less than 5 percent of the annual state budget. High-rise hotels and apartment buildings have replaced many of Monte-Carlo’s picturesque villas. Pop. (2008) 14,586 (2016) 17,372.