Rotary YO-148 - History

Rotary YO-148 - History

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(YO-148: dp. 2,136; 1. 200'0"; b. 34'0"; s. 9 k.; a. 3 20mm.)

Rotary (YO-148), formerly A. J. Patmore, was acquired by the Navy 13 November 1942 in the 3d Naval District and eommissloned at Sullivan's Dry Dock & Repair Co., Brooklyn N.Y., 23 February 1943, Chief Boatswain George A. Rowland, USNR, in command.

Assigned duty with the Service Force, Atlantic Fleet, Rotary, a self-propelled fuel oil barge, reported to Caseo Bay, Maine, under the operational command of Commander, Destroyers, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, and served continuously there through December 1945 fueling destroyers and other visiting vessels.

Rotary was struck from the Navy list 21 May 1946 and transferred to the Maritime Commission 30 July 1946.

Rotary YO-148 - History

Our archives preserve Rotary's legacy through material that accurately and effectively documents our history. Located at Rotary's world headquarters in Evanston, Illinois, USA, our collections chronicle official decisions, reveal insights into the people who shaped Rotary and its programs, and shed light on key milestones and everyday events that built Rotary into one of the world's largest humanitarian service organizations.

What we collect

Our collections range from administrative records of the Rotary International Board of Directors and The Rotary Foundation Board of Trustees to publications produced by Rotary throughout its history. We also have books written by Rotary founder Paul Harris and other Rotarians correspondence of important figures in Rotary history photos, videos, and sound recordings of projects and events convention proceedings and many other items. The Heritage Communications team is dedicated to preserving our history, continually building the archives with new materials as history is being made.


We rely on you to help tell Rotary's story. If you would like to donate a piece of Rotary history, please email us at [email protected] We'll work with you to decide if what you have belongs in Rotary's archives.

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Rotary YO-148 - History

Rotary started with the vision of one man — Paul P. Harris.

Paul Harris at age 3, around the time he moved to his grandparents’ home.

Harris was born on 19 April 1868 in Racine, Wisconsin, USA. At age 3, he moved to Wallingford, Vermont, where he grew up in the care of his paternal grandparents. He attended the University of Vermont and Princeton University and received his law degree from the University of Iowa in 1891.

In 1896, Harris settled in Chicago and opened a law practice. Four years later, he met fellow attorney Bob Frank for dinner on Chicago’s North Side. They walked around the area, stopping at shops along the way. Harris was impressed that Frank was friendly with many of the shopkeepers. He had not seen this kind of camaraderie among businessmen since moving to Chicago and wondered if there was a way to channel it, because it reminded him of growing up in Wallingford.

“The thought persisted that I was experiencing only what had happened to hundreds, perhaps thousands, of others in the great city. . I was sure that there must be many other young men who had come from farms and small villages to establish themselves in Chicago. . Why not bring them together? If others were longing for fellowship as I was, something would come of it.”

Jean and Paul Harris board a ship after visiting Rotary members in Bermuda, 1925.

Harris eventually persuaded several business associates to discuss the idea of forming an organization for local professionals. On 23 February 1905, Harris, Gustavus Loehr, Silvester Schiele, and Hiram Shorey gathered at Loehr’s office in downtown Chicago for what would become known as the first Rotary club meeting.

In February 1907, Harris was elected the third president of the Rotary Club of Chicago. Toward the end of his presidency, he worked to expand Rotary beyond the city. Some club members resisted, not wanting to take on the additional financial burden. But Harris persisted, and by 1910, Rotary had expanded to several other major U.S. cities.

Harris recognized the need to form a national association with an executive board of directors. In August 1910, Rotarians held their first national convention in Chicago, where the 16 existing clubs unified as the National Association of Rotary Clubs (now Rotary International). The new association unanimously elected Harris as its president.

At the end of his second term as Rotary president, Harris resigned, citing ill health and the demands of his professional practice and personal life. He was elected president emeritus by convention action, a title he held until his death.

• Read about the education of Paul Harris

In the mid-1920s, Harris became actively involved in Rotary again, serving as the public face of the organization. To promote membership and service, he attended conventions and visited clubs throughout the world, often accompanied by his wife, Jean.

Harris died on 27 January 1947 in Chicago at age 78, after a prolonged illness. Before his death, he made it known that he preferred contributions to The Rotary Foundation in lieu of flowers. By coincidence, days before he died, Rotary leaders had committed to a major fundraising effort for the Foundation.

Upon news of his death, Rotary created the Paul Harris Memorial Fund as a way to solicit these donations. Rotarians were encouraged to commemorate the late founder of Rotary by contributing to the fund, which would be used for purposes dear to Harris’ heart. In the 18 months following his death, The Rotary Foundation received $1.3 million, which helped support the Foundation’s first program — scholarships for graduate study abroad.

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RFA Fleet through the ages

Laid down:
Builder: Chatham Dockyard
Launched: 26 May 1914
Into Service: May 1915
Out of service: 1922
Fate: Sold and name changed.

Items of historic interest involving this ship: -

Background Data : On the outbreak of WW1, the Admiralty embarked on a programme of tanker construction for the fledgling RFA Service and there were four ships in this Class, all of which were little more than powered barges. The early Swedish diesel engines in two of them gave endless trouble and ultimately, three of the Class were sold off at the end of the War as part of the Government Disposal Scheme. In April 1940, approval was given to build six 1,500 ton Fleet Attendant Tankers, of which two were intended to replace two of this Class and the rest to replace larger Fleet Attendant Tankers for freighting duties, but eventually to replace the other 1,000 tonners. As designed they were to have been 3,200 tons full load displacement, 263 ft (o.a.) x 38.5 ft x 16 ft, with steam engines developing 1,200 ihp giving a speed of 10 knots with 2,000 miles endurance. Cargo was to have been 1,500 tons of fuel oil, 100 tons of diesel oil and 50 tons of petrol. There were no slops available in the U.K. for building and building capacity was sought in Canada but the shipyards there could not cope either. In May 1940 the idea was abandoned

8 January 1914 the Western Morning News reported -

26 May 1914 launched by H.M. Dockyard, Chatham as Yard Nr: named SERVITOR

6 March 1915 Lieutenant John H Jones RNR appointed in command

May 1915 completed at a cost of £57,867

17 May 1915 at Chatham signing on crew

9 July 1915 at North Shields

4 August 1915 Engineer Lieutenant Charles McTaminey RNR appointed as Chief Engineer Officer

1915 based as Oiler for the Firth of Forth on Dockyard service

17 September 1915 at Rosyth alongside HMS HIBERNIA received 24 tons of FFO from the battleship


1 October 1915 at South Queensferry

15 October 1915 at Rosyth with HM TB 36 alongside "to complete with oil"

30 December 1915 at Queensferry with HM TB 36 alongside discharging oil into the tanker

7 January 1916 at Rosyth with HM TB 36 alongside "to complete with oil"

16 February 1916 at Queensferry with HM TB 36 alongside "to complete with oil"

15 June 1916 at Queensferry alongside HMS FEARLESS refuelling her - 26 tons of FFO supplied


24 June 1916 at Queensferry alongside HMS FEARLESS refuelling her - 45 tons of FFO supplied

8 September 1916 Engineer Lieutenant Charles L Low RNR appointed as Chief Engineer Officer

17 April 1917 Stoker James Sutton logged as deserting from the ship. He had signed on the ship on 7 November 1916. Sentenced to 42 days hard labour on 27 April 1917.

4 August 1917 Able Seaman J Harris logged as deserting from the ship. He had signed on the ship 25 August 1916

9 October 1917 Lieutenant Richard T Kestell RNR appointed in command

23 October 1918 at Granton Harbour, Edinburgh with HMS TALBOT alongside being refuelled with 18 tons of FFO

5 December 1918 Lieutenant Frederick Stanley Browne RNR appointed in command

1 January 1919 at Rosyth alongside HMS TORCH refuelling her with 117 tons of FFO

6 January 1919 at Rosyth alongside HMS TORCH refuelling her with 14 tons of FFO

28 February 1919 Sub-Lieutenant (Chief Officer) Ernest J Tippett RNR dismissed his ship for being absent without leave. Appointed to RFA Boxol

Sub Lieutenant Ernest J Tippett RNR

31 March 1919 Stoker C Childs logged as being absent without leave from the ship. Returned on the 16 April 1919

11 May 1919 Able Seaman Robert McKay logged as deserting from the ship. He was arrested on 18 May 1919. He had originally signed on on the 5 May 1919

15 May 1919 at Granton HM Monitor M31 secured alongside to refuel

16 May 1919 at Granton HM Monitor M33 secured alongside to refuel - supplied 20 tons of fuel oil

23 June 1919 Assistant Cook F Jones logged as deserting from the ship. He had signed on the ship on 14 June 1919

April 1920 at Rosyth for paying off

18 September 1922 purchased for £5,000 by J. Le Masurier, London and renamed PULOE BRANI - re-engined with diesels

After two unsuccessful attempts to cross the Atlantic under her own power was towed to Montreal.

1922 operated as tanker on the Great Lakes, Canada

14 January 1925 purchased by Charles Stewart Brady of Toronto, name unchanged

14 February 1925 purchased by McColl Brothers Ltd., Don Esplanade, Toronto and renamed B.B. McCOLL

1927 became a total loss by fire at Buffalo and was rated as a constructive total loss.

1931 purchased by Ohio Tankers Inc, Ogdensbury who rebuilt her and re-engined her with 2 x 6 cyl 12½” x 18” diesel engines by Electric Boat Works, Groton. 91 nhp. Renamed A.J. PATMORE

1932 damaged by an explosion while unloading petrol at Toronto was rebuilt and then sold to R.T.C. No Eleven Corporation, New Jersey name unchanged

1942 purchased by Kimball Transportation Inc, Boston name unchanged

13 November 1942 aquired by the US Navy converted at Sullivans Dry Dock & Repair Co. Her first US Commanding Officer was Chief Boatswain George A. Rowland USNR

23 February 1943 commissioned at Brooklyn as USS ROTARY(YO-148) and was assigned to the Atlantic Fleet Service Force. Reported to Casco Bay, Maine under the operational control of Commander, Destroyers US Atlantic Fleet where she fuelled destroyers and other visiting ships

4 May 1943 at Casco Bay, Maine alongside USS Greer (DD145) and refuelled her with 14,908 gallons of fuel oil

1 April 1944 at Casco Bay, Maine alongside USS Nields (DD616) and refuelled her with 26,443 gallons of fuel oil

14 June 1944 in South Boston Navy Yard alongside USS SC705 to refuel her

September 1944 to August 1945 part of Service Squadron One of the US Atlantic Fleet

11 November 1944 at Casco Bay, Maine moored alongside USS Weeden (DE797) and refuelled her

28 March 1945 at Casco Bay, Maine moored alongside USS Durik (DE666) and refuelled her with 2,500 gallons of fuel oil

3 April 1945 at Casco Bay, Maine moored alongside USCGC Algonquin and refuelled her

16 April 1945 at Casco Bay, Maine moored alongside USS Jouett (DD396) and refuelled her

25 November 1945 sailed Casco Bay, Maine for the Boston Naval Yard

December 1945 decommissioned from naval service and laid up

21 May 1946 struck from the US Naval Register and transferred to the U.S. Maritime Commission for disposal, reverting to the name A.J. PATMORE

30 July 1946 repurchased by Kimball Transportation Inc, Boston and renamed PEGGY REINAEUER

1951 purchased by Michigan Tankers Inc, Detroit name unchanged

1955 renamed DETROIT by her owners

1959 was lengthened to 249’ 06” which increased her tonnage to 1,156 grt

12 August 1975 purchased by Hannah Inland Waterways Inc, Lemont who later became known as Hannah Marine Corporation. Purchased for hauling fresh water in South America but was never used for this purpose. She was laid up in her owners shipyard and her official documents were closed. Her deep well pumps and engines were removed and her lifeboats were presented to two local Boy Scout Troops

1983 purchased by a Chicago company for scrap and was cut up at Chicago Port Authority’s Shed 2 on the Calumet River in Chicago

Rotary YO-148 - History

Each January, Rotary members enthusiastically await the incoming Rotary International president’s announcement of the next Rotary theme. The president announces the theme at the International Assembly, an annual training event for incoming leaders.

Percy Hodgson, at the 1951 Rotary Convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S., was the 1949-50 Rotary International president credited with starting the tradition of crafting a theme.

The tradition of crafting a theme is credited to Percy C. Hodgson, Rotary’s president in 1949-50. When Hodgson addressed the International Assembly in 1949, he impressed upon the incoming leaders that they had a “glorious opportunity to impart Rotary knowledge” and that “lack of Rotary knowledge can be a deterrent to the successful operation of a Rotary club.” Hodgson’s 83-word theme, which included a list of four objectives, was substantially longer than today’s punchier themes, but it captured his hope that incoming leaders have essential knowledge of Rotary.

Rotarians’ desire to celebrate and support their president’s annual program of service has continued. Other early themes include Rotary Is Hope in Action (Joaquin Serratosa Cibils, 1953-54), Kindle the Spark Within (Nitish C. Laharry, 1962-63), and Good Will Begins With You (Ernst G. Breitholtz, 1971-72).

In the decades that followed, RI presidents introduced theme logos, lapel pins, ties, and scarves. Theme ties were introduced in the 1990s, and are now crafted annually. Scarves first appeared in 1998-99. Many designs incorporate the theme logo for the year. Others, such as those selected by William Boyd from New Zealand and Sakuji Tanaka from Japan, use colors or imagery that reflects their home country.

Sakuji Tanaka, 2012-13 Rotary International president, and his wife, Kyoko, select patterns and fabrics for his theme tie and scarf. The white flowers represent the iconic cherry blossoms of Japan.

RI theme pins from 1991-92 to 2008-09.

A selection of RI presidential theme ties.

Early theme brochures were almost entirely textual and did not include theme logos. From left: Six Objectives (Herbert J. Taylor, 1954-55), Develop Our Resources (A.Z. Baker, 1955-56), and Three Targets (Gian Paolo Lang, 1956-57).

Theme brochure for James L. Bomar Jr. (1979-80)

K.R. Ravindran, 2015-16 Rotary International president, presents his theme, Be a Gift to the World, at the 2015 International Assembly.

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Rotary International

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.

Rotary International, formerly (1905–12) Rotary Club of Chicago and (1912–22) International Association of Rotary Clubs, byname Rotary, civilian service club founded as the Rotary Club of Chicago in 1905 by American attorney Paul P. Harris. For having created the organization, Harris is credited with initiating the idea of a civilian service club, an organization of men or women from varied business and professional backgrounds that is dedicated to fellowship among its members and to voluntary community service. The name Rotary was originally proposed by Harris because meetings were to be held in rotation in members’ offices.

Rotary grew quickly, establishing local clubs across the United States and internationally. With the formation of clubs in Canada, Ireland, and the United Kingdom, the organization changed its name to the International Association of Rotary Clubs (1912). In 1922, having established clubs on six continents, it adopted its present name, Rotary International. In the early 21st century there were more than 35,000 Rotary clubs in more than 200 countries and geographic areas, representing a membership in excess of 1.2 million.

Rotary comprises the individual Rotary clubs Rotary International, an umbrella organization that coordinates Rotary’s global programs and initiatives and the Rotary Foundation, established in 1928 to raise and distribute funds in support of local and international service projects that Rotarians around the world design and carry out. By the early 21st century the Rotary Foundation had issued more than $4 billion in charitable grants. Rotary develops service projects in six broad areas: promoting peace, fighting disease, providing clean water, saving mothers and children through accessible health care and other services, supporting basic education and literacy, and growing local economies.

The organization is headed by a president who is elected to a one-year term by the board of directors. The directors in turn are elected to two-year terms by representatives of the worldwide clubs at Rotary’s annual international convention. The president-elect nominates members of the board of trustees, who are elected to four-year terms by the board of directors. A trustee chair is elected to a one-year term by the board of trustees and serves as head of the Rotary Foundation.

Rotary International’s world headquarters are located in Evanston, Illinois, U.S.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by Brian Duignan, Senior Editor.

Welcome to Las Vegas WON Rotary Club

The way an organization develops is always interesting as the decades’ pass by and history is created. Rotary has also changed, modified, added and deleted numerous items over the past since its beginning in 1905. Original photographs are posted, when available, to help display the history of Rotary / Rotary International.

The following information was researched and gathered by Richard Reed, the charter president of Las Vegas WON Rotary Club. His love for Rotary / Rotary history and the creator of the only complete Rotary International Foundation Award Display, The Reed Exhibit are just some of his efforts in sharing Rotary history.

Paul Harris & Friends - First Four Rotarians - Photos

On February 23, 1905, the original four men formed the first Rotary club meeting. click here for the full story with photos.

Two Mottoes for Rotary - Photos - 1910 - Date

Starting in 1910 was the real beginning of developing Mottoes for Rotary. Most people are not aware of both mottoes of Rotary. . . Click here to see the history of 2 mottoes for Rotary.

The History of Rotary Wheel Logo - Photos

Review the history of how the Rotary wheel logo was created in 1905 and the numerous variations of change over the past 100+ years, with photos. click here.

Rotary International Presidents List / Their Rotary Club, 1910 - Date

A complete list of Rotary International Presidents to date with each President's Rotary Club. click here.

Rotary International Presidents List / Individual Photos, 1910 - Date

A complete list of Rotary International Presidents Photographs from 1910 to date. click here.

Rotary International Presidents Themes List - Text, 1947 - Date

A complete list of Rotary International Presidents Themes Text, 1947 to date click here.

Rotary International Presidents Theme List - Images, 1954 - Date

A complete list of Rotary International Presidents Theme Images, 1954 to date. click here.

Rotary First 100 Clubs List, 1905 - 1914

A complete list of first 100 Rotary Clubs as joined Rotary, 1905 to 1914. click here.

Rotary International Conventions List, 1910 - Date

A complete list of Rotary International Conventions Held Yearly, 1910 to date. click here.


Karenjit Kaur Vohra was born on May 13, 1981, in Sarnia, Ontario, to Indian Punjabi Sikh parents. [7] [8] [9] As a young girl, she was a self-described tomboy, [10] very athletic and played street hockey with the boys. [11]

Although the family was Sikh, [9] her parents enrolled her in Catholic school [9] [12] as it was felt to be unsafe for her to go to public school. [13] When she was 13, her family moved to Fort Gratiot, Michigan, then to Lake Forest, California, a year later, [12] [14] fulfilling her grandparents' dream that the family be together in one place. [9] She had her first kiss at 11, [15] lost her virginity at 16 with a basketball player, [15] and discovered her bisexuality at 18. [16] [15]

Before working in the porn industry, she worked at a German bakery, [17] a Jiffy Lube, [12] and later a tax and retirement firm. [18] She was also studying to become a nurse. [10]

When picking a name for her adult career, she has said that Sunny is her real name and Leone was picked by Bob Guccione, former owner of Penthouse magazine. [19] She posed for Penthouse magazine, and was named Penthouse Pet of the Month for the March 2001 issue, [20] followed by a feature in the Holiday 2001 edition of Hustler magazine as a Hustler Honey. She has also appeared in other magazines including Cheri, [21] Mystique Magazine, [22] High Society, Swank, AVN Online, Leg World, Club International and Lowrider, [23] [24] while her online credits include ModFX Models, [25] Suze Randall, [26] Ken Marcus [27] and Mac & Bumble. [28]

In 2003, she was named "Penthouse Pet of the Year" and starred in the video Penthouse Pets in Paradise alongside Tera Patrick and Kyla Cole. In 2005 Adam & Eve appointed her as their West Coast Internet Sales Representative. [29]

That same year, Leone signed a three-year contract with Vivid Entertainment with which she transitioned into the world of hardcore pornography, stating that she would only do lesbian scenes. [11] Her first movie released was titled Sunny [30] and was released in December 2005. Her next movie, Virtual Vivid Girl Sunny Leone, was the first interactive title for Leone, who was the first Vivid Girl to make such a movie. [31] Taking only four days to film, [17] the movie won her her first AVN Award (Best Interactive DVD). She followed this with Sunny Loves Cher, which featured her first on-screen squirting, and The Female Gardner co-starring Mikayla Mendez and Daisy Marie.

Leone's last two movies under her contract with Vivid were It's Sunny in Brazil, which was filmed in Brazil, [32] and The Sunny Experiment also starring Monique Alexander and Brea Lynn. [33] The movies were released in October and December 2007 respectively.

In May 2007, upon re-signing her contract with Vivid for another six films, Leone agreed to perform for the first time with men on camera, but exclusively with her fiancé, Matt Erikson. [34] That summer she also received breast augmentation, [35] and shot her first movie under the new contract titled Sunny Loves Matt. The movie led to her being nominated for three (out of six) AVN awards in 2009 in addition to being a choice for Female Performer of the Year. [36] She followed up her first boy-girl title with The Other Side of Sunny in October 2008, which would be the last time she would perform with Erikson.

In January 2008, Leone revealed that she was no longer exclusive to Erikson, and had done scenes with other actors, most notably Tommy Gunn, Charles Dera, James Deen [37] and Voodoo. [38]

In 2009, Vivid released her only movie performing with other male actors titled "Sunny B/G Adventure". [39] Her final release under contract with Vivid – "Undress Me", once again made her exclusive to performing with just one male actor, Daniel Weber (he was performed under the stage name Ariel King), who subsequently became her husband. [40]

In August 2009, she announced the launch of her own studio, Sunlust Pictures, with Daniel Weber as her partner. [41] With her new venture Leone announced her plans to write, direct and create her own brand of adult movies with Vivid Entertainment as her distributor. [37] Her first independent production, The Dark Side of the Sun, was released in March 2009, and was debuted at the Erotic Heritage Museum in Las Vegas. [42] In June 2009, she held a casting call in Las Vegas for her second independent production titled Sunny Slumber Party [43] (released September 2009). She followed up with three other self-produced features Gia Portrait of a Porn Star (2010) which was nominated for multiple AVN awards, [44] Roleplay (2011) and Goddess (2012) which featured her first anal sex scene. [45]

No longer exclusive to Vivid, Leone began working with other studios and performers since 2009. She leveraged her online popularity by striking deals with firms like PPPcard, [46], [47] Brickhouse, [48] Flirt4Free, [49] Totemcash [50] and Imlive [51] to sell and distribute her content over the internet and other media. She won the "Web Babe of the Year" at the 2008 Xbiz Awards. [52] Her websites and business interests are run under her banner company Leone L.L.C. She indicated in an April 2012 interview that 80 per cent of the traffic on her website, and 60 per cent of her revenue comes from India. [53]

In addition to her film career, Leone has been part of the Vivid Comedy Tour, [54] and has modelled for the Vivid Footwear collection. [55] Leone has also participated in events like the Vivid/ClubJenna Lingerie Bowl [56] and Vivid's Hot Rod Night. [57] Doc Johnson launched a pocket pal in 2006 moulded to her vagina, [58] and in 2008 released the Sunny Leone Exciter vibrator. [59] Control MFG currently uses Leone's image along with other Vivid girls to market their line of skateboards. She is paired with Gab Ekoe, one of the Team Control riders. [60] She also indicated that she plans to launch her own line of lingerie and other Sunny-branded products including a diamond jewellery line. [37]

In September 2009, an iPhone application consisting of a collection of non-nude photos, some videos and a porn star-penned blog [61] was approved by Apple for sale in the iTunes store, making it the first officially sanctioned application featuring a porn star. [62] By February 2010, the app had been removed by Apple from the store. [63]

Leone was voted number 13 (up from number 41 in 2007 [64] ) on Genesis magazine's "Top 100 Porn stars" list, [65] number 34 on's Top 50 Coolest Desis of 2004, [66] and one of the "40 under 40" ranking on AVN Online magazine. [67] In 2010, she was named by Maxim as one of the 12 top female stars in porn. [68] She was voted number 82 in the Top 99 Women for 2012 in's list. [69]

In 2013, she announced her retirement from the adult industry stating "I am lucky that the audience is accepting me. I have come my way from there (porn industry). I don't have any plans as of now to go back there." [70]

In 2016, she was chosen as one of BBC's 100 Women. [71] The tech magazine Exhibit chose Leone for their cover girl of the October 2016 issue. [72]

Leone's first mainstream appearance was in 2005, when she was a red carpet reporter for the MTV Awards on MTV India. She has also had a cameo in the film The Girl Next Door, performed in Ja Rule's video Livin' It Up and a video for Kidd Skilly. [73] Other credits include E!'s "Wild On!" and the Sundance Film Festival's 'After Dark'. [74] Leone was a contestant in the second season of the Fox reality show My Bare Lady 2: Open for Business, in which a group of adult actresses were given classes and training on how to pitch investment ideas and competed for success in the business world. [75] In addition to filming her scene for Debbie Does Dallas in 2007, Leone was also part of a Showtime documentary of the same name detailing the production of the movie and the personal lives of its stars.

She indicated that for the right price she would seriously consider a career in Bollywood. [76] She was courted by Indian directors in the past but felt uncomfortable with the roles that she would have played. [19] [77] Director Mohit Suri reportedly asked Leone to play the lead role in his film Kalyug, but instead cast Deepal Shaw as he could not afford Leone's $1 million acting fee. [78] She has mentioned that Aamir Khan is her favorite Bollywood actor, [79] and that over 60% of her fans are from South Asia. [80]

In 2008, Leone announced that she would be starring in a mainstream action adventure movie titled Pirates Blood, which was shot in Oman. The shooting was completed in two weeks and was to be released in winter 2008. [81] Leone also landed a role in Middle Men, producer Chris Mallick's indie feature about the birth of the online porn industry set for wide theatrical release in 2009. [82] [83] She appeared in the 2010 film The Virginity Hit playing a version of herself, where she is hired to take the virginity of the lead character. [84]

Leone has made appearances at events such as the 2002 SEMA International Auto Salon, the 2002 Extreme Autofest Pomona and the 2006 World Series of Poker in Las Vegas. [85] Sunny has also been the hostess at events in clubs like the Mansion in Miami [86] and the Highlands in Hollywood. [87]

In 2005, she was mentioned in Forbes magazine for a story on Vivid Entertainment. [88] Leone has also been featured in mainstream publications like FHM, Front and Jane magazine. [89] In 2007, along with the other Vivid Girls, she was seen in a 48' high holiday Billboard in Times Square at W. 48th Street and Seventh Avenue. [90] Leone is also one of the Penthouse Pets who appears in the 2007 video game Pocket Pool. She was also featured in a coffee table book titled Naked Ambition: An R Rated Look at an X Rated Industry by Michael Grecco. [91]

Bigg Boss and Entry in Bollywood (2011–13)

In 2011, she participated in the Indian reality series Bigg Boss 5, entering the house on day 49. [92] [93] However, she refused to divulge her porn star status, and replied to fellow house-mate Pooja Bedi that she was a model and a TV star in America for the last ten years or so. [94] It was reported that she caused a stir in the larger populace [95] with her Twitter feed gaining 8,000 new followers in just 2 days [96] and Google saying searches for her experienced a "breakout". [97] There were also complaints lodged with the Indian Ministry of Information and Broadcasting alleging that the Colors TV channel was promoting pornography by having Leone appear on the show among those who filed are the Indian Artistes and Actors Forum [98] and Anurag Thakur, member of Lok Sabha and head of the Bharatiya Janata Party's youth wing. [99] She was evicted on Day 91. [100] [101] [102]

During her stay in the Bigg Boss house, Leone was approached by Bollywood film-maker Mahesh Bhatt who entered the house briefly to offer her the lead role in Jism 2 (the sequel to the 2003 film Jism). She accepted it, which resulted in Pooja Bhatt's production house, Fish Eye Network and Leone's agent discussing the movie further. [103] Leone entered Bollywood in 2012 with the film Jism 2 to weak critical reception but was commercially successful. [104] Sunny Leone signed her second Bollywood film, Ragini MMS 2, sequel to Ekta Kapoor's crossover horror movie Ragini MMS. [105] Sunny Leone featured in an item number in the Sanjay Gupta and Ekta Kapoor's 2013 film Shootout at Wadala. [106] [107] She further started filming for Kaizad Gustad's Jackpot in which she plays a femme fatale. [108] Jackpot released on 13 December 2013 and was panned by critics. [109]

Ragini MMS 2 and further success (2014–present)

Her first release of 2014 was the much anticipated horror film Ragini MMS 2, which proved to be a box-office hit. [110] [111] Leone's performance received all round praise with critic Mohar Basu calling her work a "revelation". [112] Critic Taran Adarsh also noted that Leone, "carries off her character with supreme confidence". [113] In November 2013, she had confirmed that she would make her Tamil film debut in Vadacurry which released in May 2014 and featured her in a special appearance. [114] She next appeared in the item number Pink Lips for the film Hate Story 2, . [115] After giving a hit number Pink Lips, she appeared once again in Shake That Booty opposite Mika Singh from his film Balwinder Singh Famous Ho Gaya. She made her acting debut in the Telugu film industry by appearing in a cameo in Current Theega opposite Manchu Manoj and Rakul Preet Singh where she played a school teacher. [116]

Leone then appeared in item song Sesamma Bagilu Tegiyamma in Kannada film DK, which marked her debut in Kannada film industry. [117] In April 2015, Leone appeared in Bobby Khan's musical thriller Ek Paheli Leela, where she portrayed dual roles as Leela, a village belle and Meera, a supermodel from Milan. The film was released on April 10, 2015. [118] [119] The film met with mixed to negative reviews but was a commercial success with collections of ₹ 27.47 crore (US$3.9 million). [120] [121] After a little gap, post the release of Ek Paheli Leela , she appeared in Devang Dholakia's Kuch Kuch Locha Hai was released on May 8, 2015. She essayed the role of a film star opposite Ram Kapoor, Evelyn Sharma and Navdeep Chabbra. The film emerged to be a critical and commercial failure. [122] She did her second Kannada song "Kamakshi" from the film Luv U Alia. [123] Last in 2015, she appeared in a cameo in Akshay Kumar's Singh is Bling. [124] In January 2016, she appeared in Milap Zaveri's adult comedy Mastizaade, released on January 29, 2016, where she portrayed twin sisters, Laila and Lily Lele along with Tusshar Kapoor and Vir Das. The film released to mixed reviews and was an average earner. [125] One critic said "Leone may not be better than this film, but she's the best thing in it." [10] Her next film was Jasmine D'souza's One Night Stand with Tanuj Virwani released on May 6, 2016. The film was released to mixed reviews but was a flop commercially. [126] Her last release of 2016 was Rajeev Chaudary's Beiimaan Love opposite Rajneesh Duggal that released on October 14, 2016. Her performance was widely praised but the film met with negative reviews and flopped. [127] She also appeared in song "Tu Zaroorat Nahi Tu Zaroori Hai" with Sharman Joshi in Fuddu and item song "Choli Blockbuster" for the film Dongri Ka Raja. [128] [129] In December 2016, her song "Laila Main Laila" from Raees with Shah Rukh Khan was released. [130]

In April 2017, she appeared in a cameo for Sonakshi Sinha's Noor where she is portrayed the role of an actress. [ citation needed ] She then appeared in song "Piya More" with Emraan Hashmi in Milan Luthria's Baadshaho. [131] In addition, she appeared in song "Trippy Trippy" in Sanjay Dutt's comeback film, Bhoomi released on September 22, 2017. [132] She also made her Marathi and Bengali film debuts the same month with songs "Kuth Kuth Jayacha Honeymoon La" in Vishal Devrukhkar's Boyz and "Chaap Nishna" in Swapan Saha's Shrestha Bangali. [133] [134] She then appeared in song "Deo Deo" for Rajasekhar's Telugu film PSV Garuda Vega [135] Her last appearance was her mainstream film Tera Intezaar along Arbaaz Khan directed by Rajeev Walia. The film released on 1 December 2017. [136]

Sunny Leone was voted by the Network 7 Media Group jury as "Indian Affairs Actress of the year 2018" founded by Satya Brahma at the historic 9th Annual India Leadership Conclave & Indian Affairs Business Leadership Awards 2018. [137]

Sunny Leone's auto biopic titled "Karenjit Kaur – The Untold Story of Sunny Leone", an original web-series by ZEE5, [138] was released on the platform on 16 July 2018. [139] The series narrates her journey from a middle-class girl in Canada to becoming India's most googled celebrity. The series starts from her childhood as Gogu to her foray into the adult film industry to her exciting journey into Bollywood. The series will also be available in Bengali, Tamil, Telugu and Marathi languages.

Upcoming projects

In January 2018, Leone started filming for the Hindi remake of 2012 Punjabi film Jatt & Juliet opposite Manish Paul. [140] She is also stars in Veeramadevi a period war Tamil film in full-fledged lead role directed by V.C. Vadivudaiyan. The shooting for the film commenced in February 2018 [141] and will be released in Telugu, Hindi & Malayalam. [142]

Sweet Dreams is a collection of 12 short stories written by Sunny Leone. [143] [144] They were published digitally as an e-book and launched on 22 April 2016 by Juggernaut Books through their mobile app. [145] A story was made available on the app at 10pm every night. [146] A 200-page paperback edition was also launched in 2016. [147]

The work was well received by the Hindustan Times, which commented, "Sunny's stories are relentlessly optimistic. The characters are not complicated or unpleasant and exist in a world that veers on the border of Valentine's Land with its floating pink hearts and soft focus lighting." [148]

Sunny Leone in an interview to Press Trust of India explains that the book is written from the perspective of both men and females, as well as being written for both genders but mainly for women "I wrote these stories, from what I thought a woman would like to read." [149] Sunny Leone add that it is "the first time (she has) written something like this." [150] In the interview she mentioned how Juggernaut Books had come to her with this idea of writing the book. [150]

Sweet Dreams was Elle ' s Book of the Week in April 2016 and in the review they go on to write "don't go looking for creative fantasies or fetishes as a writer, Leone is playing safe." [151] Another review in Bollywood Hungama goes on to note if there was any real contribution from Sunny herself towards the book other than her picture on the cover. The review goes on say that there is "no note by (the) author, acknowledgments section, or forward from some known entity." [152] [153]

In 2004, she was part of No More Bush Girls, in which she and several other popular adult actresses shaved off their pubic hair in protest of the George W. Bush presidency. [154] In May 2008, she shot a promotional video for Declare Yourself, a nonprofit, nonpartisan voter registration campaign targeting 18- to 29-year-olds. [155] She indicated that Barack Obama would be her choice in the 2008 U.S. presidential election, primarily because she felt he was more business friendly to the adult industry than his opponent John McCain. [156] She also released a public service announcement on behalf of the ASACP, reminding adult webmasters to protect their sites from children by having an RTA label on it.

In 2013, Leone posed for a PETA ad campaign, encouraging dog and cat owners to have their pets spayed and neutered. In an interview for PETA India, Leone said, "I believe that every single dog should be spayed and neutered. You don't want to continue the cycle of homeless dogs or cats. And spaying and neutering also keeps them healthy." [157] PETA named her their "Person of the Year" in 2016. [158]

In June 2006, Leone became an American citizen, [17] but stated she planned to remain a dual citizen of Canada. [159] On 14 April 2012, Leone announced that she was now a resident of India, [160] [161] explaining in an interview to The New Indian Express that she was an Overseas Citizen of India and that she was eligible for overseas citizenship because her parents lived in India. She applied for it prior to filming Jism 2. [162] [163] [164] [165]

Leone has a strong interest in health and fitness and has been featured in several mainstream fitness publications. Leone has modelled fitness clothing for the sports brand Fantasy Fitness [166] and shared that she keeps her body in shape by working out as much as she can despite her busy schedule and as quoted in Men's Fitness magazine, "I try to eat very healthy – lots of vegetables, drinking my milk every day." [167]

Although bisexual, she has stated that she prefers men. [168] Sunny Leone dated fellow Indo-Canadian and stand-up comedian Russell Peters until they broke up in 2007. [169] [170] [171] Leone was then dating Matt Erikson, a vice-president of marketing at Playboy Enterprises. After being engaged to Erikson, they broke up in 2008. [14] [172] [173] [174] She mentioned in an interview at the start of 2011 that she was married to Daniel Weber, an American actor, producer, and entrepreneur. [175] [176] During her stay in the Bigg Boss house later that same year, Leone indicated that she had married Leone said she "purposely arrived late" to their first date as she was not impressed with him, but he changed her mind by sending 24 roses to her hotel room. [177] [178]

A 2008 Eye Weekly article reported that "Leone does her best to maintain a link to Sikh traditions, even if more in theory than in practice. But she's unlikely to disavow her career path due to religion" and that Leone said "Girls will leave the industry claiming that they found God. Well, the fact is, God has always been with them the entire time." [179] In a 2010 interview, she said

It's a community-based religion. You walk into a temple and you're greeted with the utmost respect. But, just like any religion it doesn't want you to shoot adult material. I mean, I grew up going to temple every Sunday. When my parents found out they knew my personality which was very independent. Even if they tried to stop me or tried to steer me the right way they would have lost their daughter. I'm too headstrong. And it wasn't a plan. It just happened and my career and everything just kept getting bigger and bigger. [13]

Marriage and family

In July 2017, Leone and her husband Daniel Weber adopted their first child from Latur, a village in Maharashtra. The baby girl, whom they named Nisha Kaur Weber, was 21 months old at the time of adoption. Actress Sherlyn Chopra first confirmed the news by writing a congratulatory message on social media on 20 July 2017. "Never in my life did I think that I want to adopt a child. People doing such amazing work at the orphanage changed my mind," Daniel Weber told Hindustan Times. [180] [181] [182] [183]

On March 4, 2018, Sunny Leone and her husband announced the birth of their twin boys, born through surrogacy. They named the boys Asher Singh Weber and Noah Singh Weber. [184] [185]

Leone lives in Mumbai, Maharashtra. She moved into their new house with husband Weber and children on Ganesh Chaturthi which fell on September 13, 2018. [186]

A police first information report was filed against her in May 2015 after a woman at Mumbai, India, complained that Leone's website,, was destroying the Indian culture. Thane police's cyber cell at Ramnagar booked her for sections 292, 292A, 294 which could have landed her a term in jail, fine or both. Senior police inspector JK Sawant stated, "We cannot block the website, but will ask the operator to remove objectionable content." [187]

In the 2017 new year, a pro-Kannada group Rakshana Vedike Yuva Sene protested against the event Sunny Night in Bengaluru NYE 2018 in Bangalore. Sunny Leone was to perform at this event and the group argued that due to her pornographic past, she should not be allowed in the event. The protesters threatened a mass suicide and Karnataka home minister Ramalinga Reddy denied her permission to appear at the event. [188]

In 2018, a social activist lodged a complaint against Leone at the Nazarethpet police station in Chennai. He stated that the actress was promoting pornography which is against the Indian nation's law. He also added that this would majorly dent the Indian culture and spoil the moral fabric of the society. [189]

Producer and distributor Bharat Patel has accused Leone of not returning a signing fee which she had taken to do a special dance number for his film Patel Ki Punjabi Shaadi after her role was cancelled. [190]

Rotary YO-148 - History

The Rotary Foundation of Rotary International is a not-for-profit corporation that promotes world understanding through international humanitarian service programs and educational and cultural exchanges. It is supported solely by voluntary contributions from Rotarians and others who share its vision of a better world. Since 1947, the Foundation has awarded more than US$1.1 billion in humanitarian and educational grants, which are initiated and administered by local Rotary clubs and districts.

The Foundation was created in 1917 by Rotary International’s sixth president, Arch C. Klumph, as an endowment fund for Rotary “to do good in the world.” It has grown from an initial contribution of US$26.50 to more than US$73 million contributed in 2000-01. Its event-filled history is a story of Rotarians learning the value of service to humanity.

The Foundation’s Humanitarian Programs fund international Rotary club and district projects to improve the quality of life, providing health care, clean water, food, education, and other essential needs primarily in the developing world. One of the major Humanitarian Programs is PolioPlus, which seeks to eradicate the polio virus worldwide. Through its Educational Programs, the Foundation provides funding for some 1,200 students to study abroad each year. Grants are also awarded to university teachers to teach in developing countries and for exchanges of business and professional people. Former participants in the Foundation’s programs have the opportunity to continue their affiliation with Rotary as Foundation Alumni.

Find out more about Rotary by visiting the Rotary International Website.

A Matching Grant from the Rotary Foundation provided solar energy for three rural schools near Santiago del Estero, Argentina.

Rotary is an organization of business and professional leaders united worldwide, who provide humanitarian service, encourage high ethical standards in all vocations, and help build goodwill and peace in the world. There are approximately 1.2 million Rotarians, members of more than 29,000 Rotary clubs in 160 countries.

Rotary’s first day and the years that followed…

February 23, 1905. The airplane had yet to stay aloft more than a few minutes. The first motion picture theater had not yet opened. Norway and Sweden were peacefully terminating their union. On this particular day, a Chicago lawyer, Paul P. Harris, called three friends to a meeting. What he had in mind was a club that would kindle fellowship among members of the business community. It was an idea that grew from his desire to find within the large city the kind of friendly spirit that he knew in the village where he had grown up.

The four businessmen didn't decide then and there to call themselves a Rotary club, but their get-together was, in fact, the first meeting of the world’s first Rotary club. As they continued to meet, adding others to the group, they rotated their meetings among the members’ places of business, hence the name. Soon after the club name was agreed upon, one of the new members suggested a wagon wheel design as the club emblem. It was the precursor of the familiar cogwheel emblem now worn by Rotarians around the world. By the end of 1905, the club had 30 members.

The second Rotary club was formed in 1908 half a continent away from Chicago in San Francisco, California. It was a much shorter leap across San Francisco Bay to Oakland, California, where the third club was formed. Others followed in Seattle, Washington, Los Angeles, California, and New York City, New York. Rotary became international in 1910 when a club was formed in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. By 1921 the organization was represented on every continent, and the name Rotary International was adopted in 1922. See the Rotary International time-line.

The 4-Way Test

One of the most widely printed and quoted statements of business ethics in the world is the Rotary 4-Way Test. It was created by Rotarian Herbert J. Taylor in 1932 when he was asked to take charge of a company that was facing bankruptcy.

Taylor looked for a way to save the struggling company mired in depression-caused financial difficulties. He drew up a 24-word code of ethics for all employees to follow in their business and professional lives. The 4-Way Test became the guide for sales, production, advertising and all relations with dealers and customers, and the survival of the company is credited to this simple philosophy.

Herb Taylor became president of Rotary International in 1954-55. The 4-Way Test was adopted by Rotary in 1943 and has been translated into more than a hundred languages.

Watch the video: Rotary engine inventor Felix Wankel born August 13 1902 (November 2022).

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